By Margaret Ross Griffel
Listed alphabetically via letter, every one opera access comprises substitute titles, if any; a whole, descriptive identify; the variety of acts; the composer’s identify; the librettist’s identify, the unique language of the libretto, and the unique resource of the textual content, with the resource identify; the date, position, and solid of the 1st functionality; the date of composition, if it happened considerably in advance of the optimum date; comparable details for the 1st U.S. (including colonial) and British (i.e., in England, Scotland, or Wales) performances, the place appropriate; a quick plot precis; the most characters (names and vocal levels, the place known); many of the specifically noteworthy numbers stated through identify; reviews on designated musical difficulties, strategies, or different major facets; and different settings of the textual content, together with non-English ones, and/or different operas concerning a similar tale or characters (cross references are indicated via asterisks). Entries additionally contain such info as first and important variations of the rating and libretto; a bibliography, starting from scholarly reviews to extra casual magazine articles and studies; a discography; and knowledge on video recordings.
Griffel additionally comprises 4 appendixes, a selective bibliography, and indexes. the 1st appendix lists composers, their areas and years of start and demise, and their operas integrated within the textual content as entries; the second one does an identical for librettists; the 3rd documents authors whose works encouraged or have been tailored for the librettos; and the fourth includes a chronological directory of the A–Z entries, together with in addition to the date of first functionality, the town of the premier, the quick identify of the opera, and the composer. Griffel additionally contain a prime personality index and an index of singers, conductors, manufacturers, and different key figures.
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Even though many opera dictionaries and encyclopedias can be found, only a few are dedicated completely to operas in one language. during this revised and extended version of Operas in English: A Dictionary, Margaret Ross Griffel brings brand new her unique paintings on operas written in particular to an English textual content (including works either initially ready in English, in addition to English translations).
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Operas in English: A Dictionary by Margaret Ross Griffel